Have you considered reinstalling the previous router, just to show everyone that the old router still does work with the (unchanged) modem? That would also give you a working installation that holds its connection. Or, if it no longer works continuously, you can check the jumper cable and connectors between the modem and dropline entry.
The US and DS levels being reported by the modem's snapshot are both in the acceptable range. The DS channel assignments don't appear 'normal,' but that could be a programming peculiarity of your local system setup. Most CMTS nodes would be set up as 01 thru 16 or 09-24 for data speeds up to 300 Mbps, rather than 02-17.